Mnet Health News delivers the latest news and information articles for the world of healthcare.

A+ A A-

Healthcare Providers Unprepared for Medicare Quality Payment Program

More than half of healthcare provider surveyed this year say they are “unprepared” or “very unprepared” for administering and executing initiatives required by the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015 (MACRA). According to the fifth annual Health IT Industry Outlook Survey conducted by Stoltenberg Consulting Inc. at the 2017 Health Information and Management Systems Society annual conference, 64 percent of respondents reported they are unprepared or very unprepared for the initiatives.

MACRA was launched on Jan. 1, meaning healthcare providers that bill more than $30,000 to Medicare Part B and care for more than 100 patients a year should start recording their quality data and documenting how they are using technology to support their practice, Collector magazine editor Anne Rosso May reported in the January issue of Pulse.  

“Many felt MACRA would be delayed due to its size and enormous financial impact on physician reimbursement in the transition to value-based care,” said Joncé Smith, vice president of revenue cycle management at Stoltenberg Consulting in a news release on the survey results.  “MACRA’s quality payment program (QPP) now streamlines and increases provider accountability for quality outcomes and cost reduction, but success under the program will take far more than just passive submission of claim data.”

Sixty-eight percent of survey participants reported that “preparation and compliance with MACRA should be a combined effort across clinical, financial and IT departments,” according to the consulting firm.  Thirty-one percent of survey participants said the top challenge with the quality payment program is “revising data management/reporting mechanisms to meet new reporting requirements” followed by “motivating the entire organization to collectively work together to achieve program alignment goals” reported by 29 percent of participants.

“Success with MACRA requires a joint effort of IT and departmental resources to successfully combine clinical, financial and operational data,” Smith said. “This effort commands not only a deep technical knowledge of how and where to extract and transform the right data, but also a solid understanding of how to integrate it in such a way that the resulting data demonstrates that an organization meets objective criteria for its chosen reporting path.”

Visit the Stoltenberg Consulting website to download the report:  

ACA members can read more on the Quality Payment Program in the January issue of Pulse at:


Nearly ¾ of Malware Attacks on Healthcare Industry in 2016 Were Ransomware

Healthcare Industry Malware & Ransomware

A recent Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report pointed out that nearly ¾ or 72 percent of the malware attacks on the healthcare industry came in the form of ransomware in 2016.  But the results might not be too difficult to believe since the healthcare industry currently remains one of the largest targets in the U.S.  Because hackers understand that data is such an integral piece of the healthcare experience, ransomware has become one of their biggest threats.

Attacks using ransomware have doubled and are currently the fifth most common malware in use according to the report by Verizon.  The second most targeted enterprise was the financial sector with 24 percent of all issues in 2016.  The Verizon report considered the more than 2,000 attacks in 2016 and found that the healthcare industry was breached 458 times, with 286 of the breaches including improper data disclosure.

The authors of the Verizon report pointed out that “healthcare has the unenviable task of balancing protection of large amounts of personal and medical data with the need for quick access to practitioners.”  

The ransomware virus first reared its ugly head last year in February with an attack on the Hollywood Presbyterian Medical Center.  This attack caused the center to sound an internal emergency and eventually led to the payment of $17,000 to hackers; just so that they could ultimately regain controls of their own systems.

A report from Symantec also had similar findings showing that ransomware numbers had increased by 36 percent during 2016.  According to this report the number had increased from 340,000 in 2015 to 463,000 in 2016.  While detections of ransomware through antivirus software was still a smaller percent of overall attacks; it’s clear that there was a rise in ransomware detections during 2016.  That same report also pointed out that one in 131 emails received contained a link or an attachment that was malicious; which was the highest rate in five years.

The rise in ransomware during 2016 may have been affected by the release of Ransomware-as-a-Service.  Developers with criminal intent created ransomware kits that are customizable and can be tailored to a specific industry.  These “kits” are provided to hackers free-of-charge by the developers in exchange for a percent of the ransom paid.

“Cybercriminals concentrate on four key drivers of human behavior to encourage individuals to disclose information: eagerness, distraction, curiosity and uncertainty.  As our report shows, it is working with a significant increase in both phishing and pretexting this year” said Bryan Sartin from Verizon.  The fact that bad actors seem to understand human psychology and human behavior appears to imply that the problem won’t be going away soon.


How Price Transparency Shapes Consumers’ Opinions of Healthcare Providers

More and more consumers prefer, when they can, having price estimates for healthcare before receiving a medical service. This is especially the case as health costs and the prevalence of high-deductible health plans, resulting in consumers paying out-of-pocket, increase.

Findings from a recent TransUnion Healthcare survey reflect these trends, showing how price transparency from healthcare providers influences consumers’ opinion of their services.  For example, three in four patients (74.7 percent) reported that having cost estimates in advance would positively impact their opinion of a healthcare provider, according to TransUnion Healthcare.

“The findings also demonstrate that patient interest in up-front costs has risen over the last 18 months,” it reports in a news release. “A similar TransUnion survey in 2015 found that 57 percent of patients would be more willing to return to a healthcare provider if they were given billing estimates at the point of service.”

TransUnion Healthcare’s survey, conducted in November 2016, included 2,058 consumers with health insurance who managed their own healthcare decisions and received medical services in the last 12 months.

The findings also show that 43 percent of respondents reported it was “somewhat or very difficult” to obtain information on costs, while another 21 percent of respondents never attempted to find price information on medical procedures.

“Patients are increasingly evaluating their care experience on whether they received estimates or billing information,” said Gerry McCarthy, president of TransUnion Healthcare. “Hospitals and healthcare providers have an opportunity to improve patient satisfaction and increase transparency by delivering out-of-pocket cost information before a procedure. Patients may be more apt to pay their bill in full, leading to increased point-of-service collections and less payment challenges for healthcare providers. Healthcare providers can also screen patients’ eligibility for charity care, financial aid or payment plans to provide a better patient payment experience.”

TransUnion also asked consumers about their outlook on healthcare if the status of the Affordable Care Act were to change under President Donald Trump’s administration.  “Six in 10 patients said they were fearful that health insurance plans offered through the Affordable Care Act would be disrupted in 2017 or 2018,” according to TransUnion.

“Approximately one in four (27 percent) patients believe the new administration will help to simplify healthcare, while another 43 percent said the new administration will make healthcare more expensive and complex.” McCarthy added, “Regardless of impacts from changes to the Affordable Care Act, healthcare providers need to be diligent about screening patients at or before care, to verify insurance coverage, estimate payment and determine financial assistance eligibility. It’s clear that this process benefits both the patient and the healthcare provider.”

More information:




Top Trends Expected to Influence the Healthcare Industry in 2017

Healthcare leaders are optimistic about trends in the industry this year, such as demand for services, job opportunities and containing costs, according to the results of a survey by B.E. Smith.  The company, which provides executive leadership solutions to healthcare providers, surveyed nearly 1,000 healthcare executives to determine their outlook for the industry this year.

Overall, “two-third of healthcare leaders are optimistic regarding the 2017 outlook for the healthcare industry,” according to the survey, which was conducted after the 2016 election.  “Long-range drivers of demand for healthcare services, such as the aging of the U.S. population, will continue to expand the industry, even in the current era of changing healthcare policy, healthcare executives say. Only a small percentage of those healthcare leaders surveyed said they were not optimistic,” it reports.

Healthcare leaders participating in the survey also said they are optimistic because of “growth and change in the industry and opportunities for organizations and careers. The changing nature of healthcare puts a premium on leadership; the survey examined the significant opportunities related to healthcare leadership due to the vibrancy of the industry.”  Other trends identified in the survey include:

Keeping Costs in Line

Containing costs remains a top focus for healthcare executives.  “While spending growth rates have been declining over the past decade, 2017 may reverse course. One leading forecaster predicts a 6.5 percent rise in 2017,” according to the report.  In January, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services predicted national health expenditure growth will average 5.6 percent each year from 2016 to 2025. 

In 2016, national health spending growth is estimated at 4.8 percent, slower than the rate of 5.8 percent reached in 2015 “as a result of slower Medicaid and prescription drug spending growth,” according to CMS. This year, health spending is predicted to increase by 5.4 percent, influenced by growth in private health insurance spending. According to the B.E. Smith survey, spending growth this year could present challenges for healthcare providers.

Competition and Strength in Leadership

“Agility, innovation and creative leadership” are critical for healthcare managers this year. Part of that leadership model includes focusing on more, not less, competition.  “Facing market challenges from growth in telemedicine and over 2,000 retail clinics, successful hospital leaders will embrace strategies that are proactive competitive catalysts,” according to the report.

Thirty percent of respondents to B.E. Smith’s survey said leadership competencies are their “top concern this year. Respondents also identified vision, strategy and integrity as important leadership characteristics. The survey found that “almost 18 percent [of respondents] believe that ‘evolving leadership roles and competencies’ will have the greatest impact on their organizations’ futures.”

Employee Mobility

“Steady growth fuels an already competitive labor market and could portend a rise of employee mobility,

placing organizations at greater risk of turnover,” according to the report.  Job growth is the fastest in clinical positions within the healthcare industry.  In 2016, job growth was also high in outpatient care centers and home health agencies.

Job satisfaction is a key indicator to monitor turnover. B.E. Smith found that there is opportunity for improvement.  “While 75 percent of respondents registered satisfaction with their current positions—a strong showing though down from last year’s 88 percent—only 30 percent say they are ‘highly satisfied.’”

The survey findings also include that 27 percent of respondents said they are not considering a job change, compared to 43 percent from the year prior.

Finding Top Talent

Executive leaders in the industry say one of their top recruitment challenges is finding “high quality talent. Two-thirds feel that finding quality candidates is the biggest challenge in filling executive vacancies. The strong labor market and improving economy add another hurdle.”

Some executives said they look outside their organization to recruit healthcare leaders.  “Over half of organizations anticipate reliance on internal development to strengthen leadership ranks in 2017, a notable one in five cited two externally-oriented alternatives,” according to the report.  Those respondents said they are considering recruitment outside of their organization and from other industries, including finance and hospitality.

“B.E. Smith believes one explanation is a tighter market for experienced executives coupled with a greater willingness to bet on emerging outside leaders and non-industry veterans in an environment that demands adaptability and innovation.”

The survey also evaluated healthcare industry leaders’ outlook on employee engagement, which is driven by work-life balance and job flexibility and leads to employee retention.  “Many analysts have connected strong engagement with such benefits as better financial performance and higher customer satisfaction,” according to the report.

More information:


Colorado Senate Pushes for Collection Reform in Light of 'Medical Debt Malpractice'

Colorful Colorado

In Colorado, some patients are finding that a trip to the mailbox means a letter from a collection agency concerning a medical bill they believed was paid in full months earlier.  Apparently, this phenomenon is becoming a more regular occurrence based on a new report from the Colorado Public Interest Research Foundation.  According to this report, Colorado is now ranked seventh nationally for the most complaints per-capita concerning mistakes being made in medical billing; in fact, there are 7.2 complaints per 100,000 residents.

These complaints are being filed with the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB).  The report is being made public courtesy of the Colorado Public Interest Research Foundation and comes to light as Colorado lawmakers, including Senator Bob Gardner of Colorado Springs, are entertaining a bill that would give the Colorado populace added protections from predatory practices from debt collectors.  The bill, known as Colorado Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, would create a situation that would force some debt collection agencies to improve their efforts at verifying that they are actually talking to the person who actually owes the debt.

The report makes it clear that almost two-thirds of complaints that have been filed to the CFPB pertaining to medical debt are regarding money that either wasn’t ever owed in the first place or was ultimately discharged over the course of a bankruptcy.  Another thing the report mentions is that Colorado consumers have filed numerous complaints of “inappropriate and aggressive” tactics by collectors.  Some of these complaints include threats of contacting family members or patient workplaces or the threat of arrest.  Other collection agencies have even been reported for posing as police or even lawyers.

The Director of the group who published the report, Danny Katz, has made his support of the Senate Bill clear and further gone on to state that medical debt collection has the capability of leading to “lawsuits, dinged credit, and garnished wages” and that the Bill could “make a difference” for those living in the state of Colorado.”  With Colorado being ranked seventh for the most complaints per capita for erroneous and aggressive medical debt collection tactics; that leaves six other states with an even worse problem.  These states are Nevada, Florida, Delaware, Georgia, New Jersey and Maryland.


News & Notes

Medical Prices Fuel Health Expenditure Growth

National health expenditure growth is predicted to average 5.6 percent annually from 2016 to 2025, according to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. It is largely influenced by projected faster growth in medical prices, however CMS also estimates that growth “is projected to be partially offset by slowing growth in the use and intensity of medical goods and services.”

Healthcare Job Increases Continue

There were 18,300 new healthcare jobs in January 2017, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Ambulatory healthcare services added 11,000 jobs and the sector employed 7.2 million people as of January. Hospitals hired 4,000 new employees and there were 5.1 million jobs in that sector. 

CMS Consolidates ICD-10 Resources

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services has combined its resources on ICD-10 onto its primary website for the updated medical coding system. CMS operated a Road to 10 website to help providers transition to the new system by the Oct. 1, 2015, deadline. It reports traffic to the site declined after the deadline and more people sought information at The Road to 10 site should be phased out by April 3.






10 Facts About the Future of the Federal Health Insurance Program

Medicare funding and coverage continues to evolve in the current healthcare environment and the program faces “long-term financial pressures associated with higher healthcare costs and an aging population,” according to an issue brief from the Kaiser Family Foundation.

The foundation predicts Medicare is likely to be part of the federal healthcare policy agenda this year as talks of repealing and replacing the Affordable Care Act and options to lower federal spending continue.  A complete repeal of the Affordable Care Act would increase the program’s spending by more than $800 billion in a decade.

Medicare is a source of federal health insurance for 57 million people ages 65 and older and younger people with disabilities. “Some policymakers often express concern that the program will soon be ‘bankrupt’ and that rising spending is unsustainable,” according to the brief.  The foundation outlines detail that provide context about Medicare’s financial future as policy debates continue, including:

-Medicare is not ‘going broke’ even though it does face long-term financial hardships. One of those hardships is to continue to have the funds for Medicare’s Hospital Insurance (Part A) trust fund, used to pay beneficiaries’ hospital bills.  “When spending on benefits exceeds revenues (primarily payroll taxes), and assets in the trust fund account are fully depleted, Medicare will not have sufficient funds to pay all Part A benefits,” according to the brief.  Actuaries predict funds to pay Part A in full will be available until 2028; then Medicare will be able to pay for 87 percent of costs through payroll tax revenues and the program will not end.

-The growth in the aging U.S. population and higher healthcare costs contribute to a rise in Medicare spending. It’s expected that between 2010 and 2050, the population of people ages 65 and older will increase from 40 million to 84 million. “Because Medicare per capita spending rises with age and people age 80 and over account for a disproportionate share of Medicare spending, their higher numbers will place upward pressure on both total and per capita Medicare spending.” Medicare spending in 2016 was about 15 percent of the federal budget.

-Medicare spending growth declined in the years following the enactment of the Affordable Care Act. Provisions to reduce Medicare payments to providers and Medicare Advantage plans, and raise additional revenues, the total and per capital spending growth rate has been lower than in the decade before the Affordable Care Act was in effect.

The Kaiser Family Foundation also reports that repealing the Affordable Care Act and its Medicare provisions would add $802 billion to the program’s spending over 10 years.  Medicare spending is already estimated to increase as part of the federal budget and the U.S. economy over the next decade. The Affordable Care Act has helped to moderate the estimated long-term increases, according to the foundation.  Read the full issue brief on Medicare here:


While Trump Administration Brings Sweeping Changes; HIPAA Audits Likely to Remain Unchanged

Experts recently predicted that providers aren’t likely to see any noticeable changes to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act audits conducted under the auspices of the new Civil Rights Director of the Health and Human Services Department.

Director of HHS Office of Civil Rights, Roger Severino, is widely expected to continue with the current standard of HIPAA audits according to a recent Bloomberg report.  The same report also pointed out that the number of enforcement actions and settlements in the year 2016 made it a record year.

Bloomberg referenced remarks by W. Reece Hirsch, an attorney with Morgan, Lewis & Bockius, pointing out the uncertainty of how the Trump administration’s desire to roll back regulations would ultimately affect HIPAA audits.

Hirsch said “lessening regulation in the privacy and cybersecurity areas has not been an area that has been addressed thus far in public statements or actions by the new administration.”

Before working with the HHS, Mr. Severino worked as the Director of the DeVos Center for Religion and Civil Society in the Institute for Family, Community and Opportunity at the Heritage Foundation.  He also worked as a trial attorney for the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice.  The focus on civil rights mirrors Severino’s predecessor; a similarity that brings some to the conclusion that he will be likely to continue down the same path regarding enforcement.

Kirk Nahra, lead attorney with Wiley Rein, told Bloomberg “There’s no particular reason to think that he will change the enforcement process or approach in any material way, unless there are major budget cuts that lessen the staff.”  


Medicare: Prescription Drug Savings Increase Under Medicare, Affordable Care Act

Savings on prescription drugs and improved benefits continued for Medicare beneficiaries in 2016 as a result of the Affordable Care Act, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). A report from HHS released in January shows that more than 11.8 million Medicare beneficiaries have received savings of more than $26.8 billion on prescription medications since the Affordable Care Act took effect.

The savings equal an average of $2,272 per person receiving Medicare benefits, according to HHS.  “In 2016 alone, over 4.9 million seniors and people with disabilities received discounts of over $5.6 billion, for an average of $1,149 per beneficiary. This is an increase in savings compared to the 2015 information released this time last year, when 5.2 million Medicare beneficiaries received discounts of $5.4 billion, for an average of $1,054 per beneficiary,” it reports.

“While the Affordable Care Act has expanded coverage to 20 million Americans, the law is also a game changer for millions of older Americans,” said Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Acting Administrator Andy Slavitt in a news release. “These benefits are providing seniors and people with disabilities with Medicare coverage increased financial security and the guarantee that they can get an important preventive screening without cost to them.”

HHS also reported that Medicare exceeded the goal to “tie more than 30 percent of fee-for-service payments by the end of 2016 through alternative payment models to quality and cost metrics. Medicare is on pace to reach 50 percent by the end of 2018.”

Overall, the Affordable Care Act has made prescription medication coverage more affordable by closing the gap between beneficiaries paying the full price of their prescriptions out-of-pocket after reaching their deductible and when “catastrophic coverage for prescriptions took effect. The gap is known as the donut hole. Because of the Affordable Care Act, the donut hole has been narrowing each year, and will be closed by 2020.”


Report: Hospital Mergers Yield Improvements in Healthcare Value

Mergers between hospitals are yielding significant cost savings and improvements in quality of care, according to new research released this year from The American Hospital Association (AHA.) The AHA’s report, prepared by economists at Charles River Associates, analyzes hospital mergers between 2009 and 2014 based on interviews that represent 20 healthcare systems, including 19 that are not-for-profit and one that is for-profit and covering 36 different states.

In the interviews, authors Monica Noether, Ph.D., and Sean May, Ph.D., discussed the hospital leaders’ experiences with mergers and other financial affiliations they took on in recent years, focusing on financial savings and quality benefits. The report, “Hospital Merger Benefits: Views from Hospital Leaders and Econometric Analysis,” shows that complete hospital mergers have more benefits than “looser affiliations” between healthcare systems. It also shows how mergers can provide a platform to change healthcare in the U.S.

“Patients deserve a high-value, high performing health care system,” said Rick Pollack, president and chief executive officer of the AHA in a news release on the findings. “The key to transforming healthcare delivery is increased efficiency and quality. In some communities and for certain hospitals, consolidation may be necessary—not only to meet the current health needs of patients and communities—but also to provide a stable foundation upon which to build the health care system of the future.”

According to the AHA, the research also shows “that mergers can result in efficiencies that unleash savings, innovation and quality improvement essential to transforming health care delivery. Importantly, the data also show that mergers do not lead to a spike in revenues that some claim are the motivation for mergers.”

Key findings in the report include:

-Mergers lower costs “due to benefits of scale, reduced costs of capital and clinical standardization. An empirical analysis showed a 2.5 percent reduction—equating to $5.8 million—in annual operating expenses at acquired hospitals.”

-Mergers “have the potential to drive quality benefits from additional volume, standardization of clinical protocols and from investments to upgrade facilities and services at acquired hospitals.” The study also shows there is evidence mergers result in “reductions in adverse events and reduced readmission rates.”

-Mergers also increase the variety of services patients have access to and use existing strengths of healthcare facilities to offer more comprehensive and efficient care.

-Following a merger, the revenue per patient admission also “declines in a statistically significant manner (3.9 percent) … which runs counter to the findings of research linking higher hospital concentration with higher prices paid by insurance plans after some hospital mergers.”

“Our research pairs real-world observations from some of America’s top hospital executives with a comprehensive economic analysis to produce the most comprehensive examination of hospital mergers in years,” Noether said. “The findings are clear: hospital mergers facilitate greater efficiency that reduces costs and encourages better quality care.”  The AHA reports there were 102 hospital mergers in 2016.

ACA International member-company Greenberg & Advisors, in its 2016 year-in review of mergers and acquisitions, reports that healthcare was one of the more active sectors for consolidation last year.  “This is the direct result of consolidation among creditors and providers as well as increased regulatory oversight,” according to the report. Healthcare represented 46 percent of sellers in the market last year, according to Greenberg Advisors. 

“With respect to mergers happening at the creditor and provider level, this is forcing vendors to grow to meet increased demands,” it reports. “Further the regulatory environment is causing financial institutions and healthcare providers to reduce the number of vendors they utilize, which is intended to provide them with greater oversight and therefore less exposure to risk.”

The report from the AHA and CRA concludes that as hospitals react to growing pressures of healthcare reform, “they are attempting to integrate both horizontally and vertically to be able to deliver integrated, cost-effective care.

While various forms of affiliation are being pursued, many hospital leaders believe, based on their own experiences and observations, that complete mergers and acquisitions are the most effective means for making progress toward meeting the aims of value-based population health.”  A copy and summary of the report are available at:


Obamacare Replacement Faces Opposition from Both Parties

Republican attempts to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act (ACA) are coming closer to being enacted since the introduction of the new option put forth by the Republicans.  However, as expected, the new bill is being opposed by the Democrats; but they’re not the only ones pushing back, it appears.

One of Trump’s more vocal campaign promises was that he planned to “repeal and replace” the ACA.  So last week the new bill was launched after already clearing approval by the House.  But resistance to the new bill is now being faced from both parties.  Democrats are making it very clear that they see the bill as “bad policy.”  Somewhat surprisingly though, well-known Republicans such as former Presidential candidate Rand Paul are speaking out against the bill as well.

Rand Paul has made it clear that he sees the new bill as “basically Obamacare light.”  Kentucky Senator Paul further went on to say “the one primary thing that is wrong with Obamacare is that premiums are rising through the roof.  That will happen under the Ryan plan as well because it does nothing to fix the fundamental problem.”

Speaker of the House Paul Ryan is on record as saying “they can’t always get what they want.”  Meanwhile another fight appears to be in the works in the Republican Party as the President is set to send his new budget to the Congress later this week.  An increase of $54 billion dollars in military spending is said to be a part of Trump’s plan.  But such an increase will equate to severe cuts to the Departments of Housing & Development and Education and agencies such as the EPA.

This plays into the healthcare debate because Republicans that are unhappy with Trump’s new budget could ultimately join the Democrats in their fight against the Administration.  It’s also worth noting that that all of this now appears to be increasing the possibility of a government shutdown on October 1st when the 2018 budget year is set to begin.


News & Notes

Healthcare Jobs Surge to End 2016

The 43,000 new jobs in the healthcare sector in December 2016 reversed a four-month trend of below-average growth to end the year, according to the Altarum Institute’s Health Sector Economic Indicators report. There were 400,000 new healthcare jobs in 2016. Read Original Article

Survey: Health Insurance Market Improves for Consumers

The Commonwealth Fund reports more consumers are finding affordable plans since the Affordable Care Act took effect. Thirty-four percent of respondents to a new survey, conducted between July and November 2016, could not find an affordable plan last year compared to 60 percent in 2010. Also, 63 million adults avoided healthcare or medicine because of the cost in 2016, compared to 80 million in 2012.  Read Original Article

How Does Technology Fit in Elder Care?

New technology devices are widespread in the healthcare industry, including an increasing presence in the market for older patients, Fierce Healthcare reports. The question of whether they will be used by the demographic remains unanswered. There are also barriers to introducing technology into the market, such as Federal Drug Administration recommendations and who will pay for the devices as they relate to a patient’s care, according to the article. Read Original Article

Subscribe to this RSS feed